Wednesday, 12 February 2014

protect your PC


Your data. Your pocketbook. Your identity. within the darker corners of the net, it’s all quarry, and disaster might be one unwitting click away. defend yourself by learning regarding the web’s most typical dangers, and the way to avoid them. Also, take some basic steps to create your computer additional immune to damage.

Install security software package

If you are running a Windows-based computer, security software package is associate absolute should.nd although you cannot or will not procure protection, you'll bolster your defenses by building a comprehensive free security suite. sensible security software package stops web-based dangers in their tracks and may forestall malware infection before it happens.

Viruses and malware

A lot of individuals see viruses and malware as one thing that malicious hackers slip onto your laptop. In reality, the overwhelming majority of infections happen as a result of one thing the user will. Specifically, downloading and running files from websites or email attachments that you just don’t trust may be a good way to wreck your laptop.

Hackers particularly wish to dish out viruses on seedy websites, like those claiming to supply movies, music, business software package, and creative activity for gratis. Steer beyond these sites altogether, and you’ll greatly scale back your probability of obtaining a pandemic.

To debar malware, transfer programs solely from trusty websites. Deny all others! make certain to perform a pandemic scan on any software package you transfer before you put in it, as well.

Sometimes, shady websites disguise malware downloads as faux update or error warnings. If you encounter a prompt like that, simply shut the tab or window—don't click the warnings shown on-screen. Instead, browse to the official web site of the software package that is allegedly obsolete and appearance for updates there.

“Drive-by” viruses

Most viruses come from files downloaded off the internet, but an insidious variant called a "drive-by” virus can infect you if you simply visit certain websites. Drive-by viruses exploit vulnerabilities in your operating system, browser or other software, so the key to avoiding them is to keep everything updated—your browser and any plug-ins like Flash and Adobe Reader.

Make sure you have Windows updates turned on, and if you ever get a notice that one of your plugins is out of date, take care of it right away. Microsoft will stop supporting Windows XP this April, so XP holdouts really need to upgrade to a new OS by then—even if it means switching to Linux. Connecting to the internet with an unsupported operating system puts you at a very big risk for being infected with a virus.

You can prevent some infections by disabling Java in your browser—to do this just search in the Start Screen for “Configure Java.” In the Java preferences screen you’ll find a security tab, which allows you to disable Java in web browsers. Or you could just delete the notoriously leaky Java from your PC altogether—you won't miss it unless you truly need it.

Turning off JavaScript—which is different from Java—can also reduce the risk of drive-by downloads, though it may nerf some of the richer design features found on some sites. The popular NoScript add-on for Firefox blocks JavaScript but allows you to whitelist a specific website with a mere click. Chrome users can manage

JavaScript permissions by opening the options menu and selecting Settings > Show advanced settings > Content settings (under Privacy) > JavaScript.


Thanks to sophisticated spam filtering on popular webmail service like Gmail, email isn’t quite the wasteland it once was. Still, it’s one of the easiest ways to get infected with a virus or to have your identity stolen. Just follow these two rules, and you’ll be fine—doubly so if you have a security suite installed, as most premium options protect against email-based risks.

Email rule #1: Don’t open attachments that you weren’t expecting.
Email rule #2: Don’t log-in to sites you visit via email.

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